National Plant Board
The purpose of this study was to satisfy, in part, the requirements of s412(e) of the Plant Protection Act (7 USC 7712(e)). The Act required the conduct of a study and submission of a report, not later than two years after its enactment, on the “role for and application of Systems Approaches designed to guard against the introduction of plant pathogens into the United States associated with proposals to import plants or plant products into the United States.”
The United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine Program (PPQ) is responsible for safeguarding American agriculture and natural resources. This includes preventing the harm that serious plant pathogens can cause. State departments of agriculture also have critical, vested interest in ensuring that harmful pests, including pathogens, are kept out of the Nation. Collectively, the National Plant Board (NPB) represents the responsible state plant agencies. The study was conducted under a Cooperative Agreement between the NPB and the USDA APHIS PPQ Center for Plant Health Science and Technology. In conducting this study, there was participation by scientists from State departments of agriculture, colleges and universities, the private sector, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and APHIS PPQ.
The study had an operational focus with a scientific foundation. The study consisted of two components. The first component was an operational and scientific evaluation of APHIS’ use of systems approaches for guarding against the introduction of plant pathogens into the United States and was directed by an individual with expertise in plant pathology. The second component consisted of a symposium to solicit input from the public and greater scientific community on the role for and application of systems approaches for plant pathogen exclusion. The study did not develop a systems approach program for a specific pest or commodity but determined the role for and application of systems approaches for plant pathogen exclusion. Evaluation of the risk assessment process used by APHIS also was beyond the scope of this project. The study looked beyond narrow agendas of individual stakeholders to the overall efficacy of systems approaches for plant pathogen risk mitigation.
The study examined the role for and application of systems approaches to guard against plant pathogens through answering the following questions:
A. What role do systems approaches play in guarding against the introduction of plant pathogens into the United States?
B. What other approaches to guarding against the introduction of plant pathogens are used and are they more valid or reliable?
C. How is APHIS currently using systems approaches to guard against the introduction of plant pathogens into the United States, why, and what can be done to make them better?
D. How does APHIS’ use of systems approaches to guard against the introduction of plant pathogens into the United States fit into the international safeguarding system?
CPHST management appointed a steering committee. The committee consisted of:
Robert Balaam, New Jersey Department of Agriculture, Trenton, New Jersey (co-chair) (NPB)
Lawrence Brown, APHIS, Center for Plant Health Science & Technology, Raleigh, North Carolina
Bill Callison , California Department of Food & Agriculture, Sacramento, California (NPB)
Bill Dickerson, North Carolina Department of Agriculture, Raleigh, North Carolina (NPB)
Alan Dowdy, APHIS, Center for Plant Health Science & Technology, Raleigh, North Carolina (co-chair)
Edwin Imai, APHIS, Plant Protection & Quarantine, Riverdale, Maryland
Paul McGowan, APHIS, Plant Protection & Quarantine, Riverdale, Maryland
Matthew H. Royer, APHIS, Center for Plant Health Science & Technology, Riverdale, Maryland
Kenneth Vick, ARS, National Program Staff, Beltsville, Maryland
The steering committee defined the project scope, assisted with logistical support and was available for consultation as the study progressed. The National Plant Board facilitated development of the workshop and ensured that scientists from State departments of agriculture, colleges and universities, the private sector, and ARS had an opportunity to participate.
The Chair of the Study Team was selected by the Steering Committee. The Study Team membership was recommended by the Chair of the Team and approved by the steering committee. The Study Team consisted of:
O. W. Barnett, Plant Pathologist, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC (chairman)
Edward Civerello, Plant Pathologist, USDA ARS PWA, University of California, Davis, California
Conrad Krass, Plant Pathologist, California Department of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, CA
Andy LaVigne, Executive Vice President, Florida Citrus Mutual, Lakeland, FL
Dave Mortenson, Weed Scientist and Systems Agriculture, Penn State University, State College, PA
Sally Schneider, Plant Pathologist/Nematologist, USDA, ARS, Fresno, CA
David Smith, Plant Pathologist, Monsanto Co. Dekalb, IL
The NPB conducted a symposium to solicit input from the public and greater scientific community on the role for and application of systems approaches for plant pathogen exclusion. During the symposium, the Study Team presented the results of its study and sought input into the draft report that was been prepared by the study team. Breakout groups were requested to address specific questions concerning the draft report during the symposium; symposium participants reviewed the draft report in light of these questions and others. The symposium was held October 10-11, 2001.
Agenda (PDF)Breakout Questions (PDF)Breakout Session Comments Summary (PDF)For further information contact:Kenneth J. Rauscher
Pesticide and Plant Pest Mgmt. Division
Michigan Department of Agriculture
P. O. Box 30017
Lansing, MI 08625
Last modified: July 26, 2007